Access Board: An independent Federal agency that develops and
maintains accessibility requirements, provides technical assistance and
training on the standards, and enforces accessibility standards for federally
funded facilities. Official name is the "Architectural and Transportation
Barriers Compliance Board."
Alternate Methods: Different means of providing information, including
documentation to persons with disabilities. May include, but is not limited to,
voice, fax, TTY, Internet posting, captioning, text-to-speech synthesis, and
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA): 1990 civil rights law prohibiting discrimination on
the basis of disability in the private and public sectors.
Assistive Technology: Device or software that substitutes for or enhances
the function of some impaired ability. Sometimes referred to as Adaptive
Clinger-Cohen Act: Originally known as the Information Technology
Management Reform Act (ITMRA), requires heads of Federal agencies to link IT
investments to agency accomplishments. The Act also requires that agency heads
establish a process to select, manage and control their IT investments.
Electronic and Information Technology (E
& IT or EIT): Includes
information technology and any equipment, or interconnected system or subsystem
of equipment that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data
or information. This includes computers, ancillary equipment, software,
telecommunications products, such as telephones, information kiosks, World Wide
Web sites, multimedia, and office equipment.
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR): Official document of policies and procedures for
acquisition that is used by all executive agencies.
Federal IT Accessibility Initiative
(FITAI): Federal government
interagency effort to offer information and technical assistance to assist in
the successful implementation of section 508.
Information Technology: Any equipment, or interconnected system or subsystem
of equipment that is used in the in the automatic acquisition, storage,
manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange,
transmission, or reception of data or information. This includes computers,
ancillary equipment, software, support services, and related resources.
Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998: Part of the Workforce Reinvestment Act. Among other
objectives, expanded and strengthened section 508 by creating binding,
enforceable standards for technology accessibility and incorporating these
standards into the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).
Rehabilitation Act of 1973: Prohibits discrimination against persons with
disabilities. This law applies to programs conducted by Federal agencies, those
receiving Federal funds (such as colleges participating in Federal student loan
programs) Federal employment, and employment practices of businesses with
Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act
of 1996: Requires manufacturers of
telecommunications equipment and software to ensure that such equipment is
accessible for persons with disabilities.
Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act: Mandates non-discrimination by the Federal government
in its hiring practices and requires affirmative action in hiring, placement,
and advancement of persons with disabilities.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: Prohibits discrimination against persons with
disabilities in programs that receive Federal funds.
Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act: Requires electronic and information technology
developed, procured, maintained, or used by the Federal government be
accessible to persons with disabilities.
Undue Burden: Significant difficulty or expense.
Universal Design: The concept or philosophy for designing and delivering
products and services that are usable by people with the widest possible range
of functional capabilities. This includes products and services that are
directly usable (without requiring assistive technologies) and those that are
made compatible with assistive technologies.